The Water Resources Applications area supports the use of Earth observations in water resources management related to water demand, supply, and quality. The program includes five functional themes: drought; streamflow and flood forecasting; evapotranspiration and irrigation; water quality; and climate effects on water resources.
The Ecological Forecasting Applications area promotes the use of Earth observations and models to analyze and forecast changes that affect ecosystems and to develop effective resource management strategies. Primary user communities are natural resource managers (both land and marine) & those involved in conservation and sustainable ecosystem management.
The Disasters Applications area promotes the use of Earth observations to improve prediction of, preparation for, response to, and recovery from natural and technological disasters. The Disasters area supports projects to enhance management practices and disaster reduction across disaster types, including floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, and landslides.
The Wildfires element promotes the use of Earth observations and Earth science models in risk assessments, policy analysis, business practices, and management strategies and actions associated with wildland fires, including before, during and after the fires. The Wildfires element in Applied Sciences is cross-cutting in nature, drawing on aspects of all the applications areas.
Health & Air Quality
The Health & Air Quality Applications area promotes uses of Earth observations data & models regarding implementation of air quality standards, policy, & regulations for economic and human welfare particularly involving environmental health & infectious diseases. The area addresses issues of toxic and pathogenic exposure & health-related hazards & their effects for risk characterization & mitigation.