The rapid growth of urban populations, the urban heat island (UHI) effect, and a potential increase in the frequency and duration of heat waves due to climate change, raise a series of issues about the increased health risks of sensitive urban populations to extreme heat and the effective means of mitigating impacts of heat waves. According to the US EPA, urban heat islands affect energy consumption, elevate greenhouse gas emissions, and impair water quality by increasing the temperature of urban water runoff. This will be ARSET's first training on UHI and will be in collaboration with the National Integrated Heat Health Information System (NIHHIS) and the Global Heat Health Information Network (GHHIN).
This training will address the use of remote sensing in determining where "hot spots" of land surface temperature are located in urban areas, why these areas are experiencing increased temperature, which populations are most vulnerable, and ways to mitigate the effects through adaptive land use planning.
By the end of this training, participants will be able to:
- Define what an urban heat island (UHI) is and why it matters to urban planners and public health experts
- Identify which satellites and sensors can be used for assessing UHI
- Give examples of populations that are especially susceptible to heat stress
- Summarize the limitations of satellite data for understanding UHI
- Recognize new methods that incorporate conventional satellite remote sensing data and in situ observations of temperature and humidity from community science and urban field campaigns
- List what landscape features help to explain variations in urban heat islands
- Compute land surface temperature from Landsat 4, 5, 7, and 8 within Google Earth Engine
Community, municipal, city, state, federal, and private institutions involved in urban planning, health care, energy supply and demand management, and climate mitigation.
- Three one and a half-hour parts including presentations and question and answer sessions
- There will be identical sessions two different times of the day.
- A certificate of completion will be provided to participants that attend all live webinars and complete all homework assignments.
Presenter: Vivek Shandas
- Review previous session and introduce guest speaker
- Background with case studies integrating in situ observations with satellite imagery in select US cities
- Q&A Session
Presenters: George Xian, Kevin Gallo, NASA DEVELOP Team
- Review previous sessions and introduce guest speakers
- USGS/NOAA case studies using Landsat ARD-LST to assess UHI in select US cities and diurnal effects of UHI using GOES LST with land cover
- DEVELOP case study of UHI and land cover in Huntsville, AL
- Q&A Session