The Health & Air Quality Applications area encourages the use of Earth observations in air quality management and public health, particularly involving environmental health and infectious diseases. The area addresses issues of toxic and pathogenic exposure and health-related hazards and their effects for risk characterization and mitigation. The area promotes uses of Earth observations data and models regarding implementation of air quality standards, policy, and regulations for economic and human welfare. The area also addresses effects of climate change on air quality and public health to support managers, policy makers, and ultimately the public with health-related decisions and actions.