Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.


Principal Investigator

Meredith Franklin

Numerous epidemiological studies have convincingly demonstrated that exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) poses a major risk to human health. Southwest Asia, Djibouti and Afghanistan (SADA) are particularly impacted by poor air quality due to several unique phenomenon that result in increased PM concentrations including...
Principal Investigator

John Beck

Researchers at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) propose to improve malaria control decision making in sub-Saharan Africa by developing and deploying a technology for...

Principal Investigator

Yang Liu

Satellite remote sensing of atmospheric composition is becoming an increasingly important source of information in air quality management and public health surveillance. Current instruments such as MODIS, MISR, OMI, and VIIRS have provided valuable enhancements to numerous decision support activities at the local to global...
Principal Investigator

Daniel Tong

Climate models have consistently projected a drying trend in the southwestern United States, aiding speculation of increasing dust storms in this region. Newly reconstructed long-term dust climatology reveals direct evidence of rapid intensification of dust storm activity over American deserts in the past decades, in...
Principal Investigator

Matthew Alvarado

Using remote sensing and Earth system models to improve air quality and public health in megacities

The primary goal of this project is to use NASA retrievals of boundary-layer concentrations of ammonia (NH3) from the Crosstrack Infrared Spectrometer (CrIS) aboard the Suomi National...

Principal Investigator

Susan Anenberg

Using remote sensing and Earth system models to improve air quality and public health in megacities. 

Background: Ambient air pollution in cities is of growing concern as urbanization and economic development continue, yet many cities lack information on exposure levels and local health impacts, both...

Principal Investigator

Jason Otkin

This proposal addresses the needs of the Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium (LADCO), which conducts State Implementation Plan (SIP) air quality assessment modeling for its member states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. SIP modeling is required under the Clean Air Act to demonstrate strategies...

Principal Investigator

Julia Gohlke

The premise of the proposed project is that health hazard mitigation planning and public health disaster response can be improved by including environmental exposure characterization, through the application of Earth Observations (EO) and synthetic population modeling. Current health hazard mitigation planning at the federal and...

Principal Investigator

Benjamin F Zaitchik

Cholera, a waterborne disease transmitted by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, infects millions around the world every year, with the greatest burden in Africa. In 2014, Africa accounted for 55% of global suspected cholera cases reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Health Observatory. In...
Principal Investigator

Arastoo Pour Biazar

The proposed activity here addresses the Health and Air Quality Application Area. The project anticipates improving the accuracy of the Decision Support Tools (DSTs) used by health and air quality managers to meet the health effect standards set by the Clean Air Act (CAA). The...