Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.

 

Principal Investigator

Arastoo Pour Biazar

The proposed activity here addresses the Health and Air Quality Application Area. The project anticipates improving the accuracy of the Decision Support Tools (DSTs) used by health and air quality managers to meet the health effect standards set by the Clean Air Act (CAA). The...

Principal Investigator

Julie Padowski

Project Description: Fire disturbances in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) are projected to increase under a changing climate and are a major cause of increased erosion, runoff, suspended sediment, nutrient release, and debris flows in forested watersheds. Fire-related threats to water quality and quantity are of...

Principal Investigator

Wade T Crow

Description: This project seeks to provide high-resolution (i.e., daily, 30-m) soil moisture information to guide in-season irrigation decision support for vineyards equipped with variable-rate drip irrigation (VRDI) systems in the Central Valley of California. The primary water resource decision for these systems to when to...

Principal Investigator

Joaquim Goes

Over the past 15 years the Arabian Sea ecosystem has witnessed a radical shift in the composition of winter phytoplankton blooms due to the warming of the Eurasian continent and the spread of hypoxia. Recurrent and trophically important, winter diatom blooms until 1990s, have since...
Principal Investigator

Louis Giglio

This proposal aims to advance a suite of active fire detection and characterization products derived from a network of geostationary satellite sensors, representing the first of its kind to undergo a comprehensive data validation and harmonization process. Geostationary satellite active fire detection was first proposed...
Principal Investigator

Sang-Ho Yun

According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies’ (IFRC’s) World Disasters Report 2015, on average, for the past decade, there have been floods somewhere in the world almost every other day. Earth-observing satellite remote sensing is needed to monitor global floods...
Principal Investigator

Megan Donahue

The goal of the proposed research is to develop better models of coral disease outbreak risk across the western tropical Pacific Ocean and embed these improved forecasts into the NOAA Coral Reef Watch decision support system (DSS). The current DSS was developed based on ~50...
Principal Investigator

Matthew Reiter

Freshwater ecosystems contribute disproportionately to global biodiversity and ecosystem services but are highly threatened by climate change, drought, and unsustainable water use. In arid, semi-arid, and Mediterranean regions, landscape-scale conservation requires protection, management, and enhancement of the connectivity of dynamic wetland habitats through surface water...
Principal Investigator

Victor Gutierrrez-Velez

Earth Observations data and products represent great potential for understanding, managing, and conserving biodiversity. The ability of decision makers to translate this vast amount of data into information for practical decisions is constrained by differences in data structures, sources, and formats and the complexity of...
Principal Investigator

Richard A Smith

SPARROW is widely used throughout the United States for long term, steady state water quality analysis. However, users are increasingly asking for a dynamic version of the model that can provide seasonal estimates of nutrients and suspended sediment to receiving waters. Time varying SPARROW forecasts...