Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.


Principal Investigator

Noah Molotch

The overarching goal of the project is to characterize anomalies in water supply and demand using a combination of NASA satellite observations and NASA physically based land surface models. The annual water supply-demand imbalance is ingested into existing California Department of Water Resources (CA...

Principal Investigator

Pedro Jimenez Munoz

This project blended a satellite-based nowcasting system (Multi-sensor Advection Diffusion NowCAST (MADCast, Descombes et al. 2016; Xu et al. 2016) with a numerical weather prediction nowcasting approach (Weather Research Forecast model-Solar (WRF-Solar®,Jimenez et al. 2016) to create an improved end-to-end solar irradiance forecast system called...

Principal Investigator

Christine Lee

Water quality is a critical element of freshwater supply, particularly in times and areas of drought, in part due to less dilution of point contaminant sources. Limited water resources can be further strained if water quality is not managed properly.While there are measures in place...

Principal Investigator

Justin Huntington

Project description: Reporting of evapotranspiration (ET) from irrigated agriculture in the western U.S. is increasingly being required for surface and groundwater-use inventories, estimating historical pumpage, as well as supporting water rights, transfers, and management. Crop conditions vary significantly in time and space due to crop...

Principal Investigator

William Kustas

End Users / Partners: E&J Gallo Winery, National Grape & Wine Initiative, Almond Board of California.


Project Description: The proposed project will refine and apply a multi-scale remote sensing toolkit for mapping crop water use and crop stress for improved irrigation scheduling and water...

Principal Investigator

Daniel Ames

Imagine being able to predict streamflow on every river and stream in the world for the next 15 days! With our global streamflow modelling and simulation product and web applications this is now possible. What can be done with these forecasts when they are combined...

Principal Investigator

Venkat Lakshmi

Water resources in developing countries are under a constant state of stress. There are pressures of a growing population and diverse needs – agricultural, industrial, personal uses and power generation. This is coupled with degradation of water quality due to industrial waste and agricultural surface...

Principal Investigator

Robert Brakenridge

The project is developing and running a global, automated, flood forecasting, detection, measurement, mapping, and flood risk updating integrated system. This is being accomplished by merging and sequentially linking relevant remote sensing and model information sources. The Dartmouth Flood Observatory (DFO) will provide a web...

Principal Investigator

Christopher Hain

Project description: We propose to develop a global agricultural monitoring tool, with a focus on providing early warning of developing vegetation stress at relatively high spatial resolution (5-km) for agricultural decision makers and stakeholders. This tool is based on remotely sensed estimates of evapotranspiration retrieved...

Principal Investigator

Madison Bradley

Human-wildlife conflict is increasingly more common due to human population growth, habitat fragmentation, and changing climatic conditions. This conflict is particularly evident in the Kavango-Zambezi area, where over three million people share the landscape with an abundant megafauna population. As the changing climate continues to...