Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.

 

Principal Investigator

Blake A Schaeffer

The Cyanobacteria Assessment Network is a multi-agency project among the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and U.S. Geological Survey to develop an early warning indicator system for algal bloom detection in U.S. freshwater systems. This research will utilize historical and...

Principal Investigator

Nickolay Krotkov

Volcanic ash clouds pose a great danger to air traffic safety, leading to flight cancellations and creating a ripple effect on the airline industry’s economy. Real time satellite observations can provide crucial information for re-routing air traffic around the hazardous volcanic clouds. Nickolay Krotkov’s A.37 project...

Principal Investigator

Joaquim Goes

Over the past 15 years the Arabian Sea ecosystem has witnessed a radical shift in the composition of winter phytoplankton blooms due to the warming of the Eurasian continent and the spread of hypoxia. Recurrent and trophically important, winter diatom blooms until 1990s, have since...
Principal Investigator

Josh Weiss

Water utility managers face the difficult daily task of safeguarding the public health and complying with state and federal water quality regulations, while minimizing costs and environmental impacts. Add to that continued water quality degradation from human activities, increasingly strict regulatory standards for water quality...

Principal Investigator

Molly Spater

 
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Demonstrating the Potential Applications of ECOSTRESS Evapotranspiration Products in Plant Phenotyping and Predicting Patterns in Global Species Richness

A changing climate has the potential to affect both agricultural productivity and global levels of biodiversity. In the agricultural context, the ability to rapidly identify more water-efficient and drought tolerant crop varieties will be vital for international food security. Current methods of phenotyping superior...

Principal Investigator

Alessandra Giannini

The NASA-ROSES SERVIR Applied Sciences Team program element highlights desertificationas a challenge unique to West Africa, and encourages studies that connect this challenge toclimate analysis. Two scientific advances of the past ~10 years speak to this connection,6motivating the research proposed here: (1) attribution of late-20th...
Principal Investigator

Margaret Mulhern

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Designing a Modeling User Interface Incorporating Landsat to Monitor Changes in Riparian Vegetation and Endangered Fish Habitat

Since the completion of the Flaming Gorge Dam in 1964, artificial flow releases along the Green River have promoted channel narrowing and encouraged non-native vegetation encroachment into the active stream channel. These changes in the Green River's flow regime have reduced the backwater habitat of...

Principal Investigator

Zackary Werner

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Presence of fog and low cloud cover in July 2020 derived from Terra MODIS data, overlaid on a true color Landsat 8 OLI image of San Francisco Bay, California taken August 2020. Bright red shades represent higher fog frequency, up to 29 days per month, while blue and transparent indicate fewer than 8 days. The presence of fog is vital for coast redwood trees and projecting future fog presence can support redwood habitat conservation efforts.   Keywords: MODIS, fog, cloud, climate change, coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), San Francisco Bay, California

Fog and low clouds play an important role in providing moisture to coastal ecosystems. Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forests are currently distributed along a narrow strip of coastline in California and Oregon and rely on the presence of...

Principal Investigator

Veronica Warda

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Detecting Changes in Nighttime Sky Brightness over Grand Teton National Park with the Suomi NPP VIIRS Sensor

As more outdoor lighting is installed for safety and development, light pollution has become a growing problem that threatens the quality of life for humans and wildlife. The onset of light pollution in cities and dark sky areas not only hinders humans from seeing the...

Principal Investigator

Molly Azami

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Greenest pixel composite of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)-processed image using 2019 data from Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager  blended with a true color band combination (3, 2, 1) of the Western coast of Costa Rica in the Osa region. The areas of highest vegetation are represented in green, areas of lowest vegetation are represented in red, and water is represented in blue. The land cover characteristics shown in an NDVI image improve land cover classification accuracy.  Keywords: NDVI, Landsat, land cover

La Amistad International Park connects southern Costa Rica and northern Panama as part of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. Despite the existence of conservation programs within this region, human-induced and natural ecological disturbances threaten native species and alter forest ecosystems. To...