Using Satellite Observations for Conservation: A Special Feature for the IUCN World Conservation Congress.



The Ecological Forecasting Applications area promotes the use of Earth observations and models to analyze and forecast changes that affect ecosystems and to develop effective resource management strategies. Primary user communities are natural resource managers (both land and marine) and those involved in conservation and sustainable ecosystem management.


  • Projecting the spread of aquatic invasive species using remote sensing , genetics and climate modeling
  • Climate-ready and resilient fisheries: using satellite data to conserve and manage life in the ocean and support sustainable fisheries
  • Maintaining life on land (SDG 15) under scenarios of land use and climate change in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
  • Integrating Earth observations, ecohydrologic, and plant hydraulic models for forecasting recruitment failure in semi-arid forests: Decision support for adaptive forest management.
  • A Sustainable Forest Managementand Information System (SFMIS) Tool
  • A near-real time integrated mapping and reporting system for critical biodiversity sites under Sustainable Development Goal 15: the tiger as model
  • Climate-influenced nutrient flos and threats to the biodiversity of the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System
  • Designing applications to foster the health of terrestrial and wetland ecosystems in the coastal zone of West Africa
  • Earth Observations for Climate-Ready Aquaculture Management and Siting to Improve Food Security and Ocean Health in Palau, a Small Island Developing State
  • Decision and Information System for the Coastal waters of Oman (DISCO)- An Integrative Tool for Managing Coastal Resources under Changing Climate
  • Forecasting coral disease outbreaks across the tropical Pacific Ocean using satellite-derived data
  • Integrating Remote-Sensing and Ecological Forecasting into Decision-Support for Wetland Wildlife Management and Ecosystem Services in the Central Valley of California: Optimizing Across Multiple Benef
  • Informing UN-assisted National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plans with Earth Observations: Application to Forest Integrity and Connectivity
  • A Satellite-based mobile warning system to reduce Atlantic Sturgeon interactions in Delaware waters
  • Earth Observations to Value Ecosystem Services: A Series of Workshops
  • Forecasts of pelagic Sargassum blooms and transports in the Intra-Americas Sea and Tropical Atlantic: Improving a prototype decision-making tool
  • Using Earth Observations to Inform the Valuation of Ecosystem Services that Support Coastal Resiliency
  • Using NASA Resources to Better Inform Wildlife Conservation in the Anthropocene: Spatially Predicting Impacts of Anthropogenic Nightlight and Noise on Wildlife Habitat Integrity Across the Contiguous
  • Integrating Earth observations with improved topoclimate and connectivity tools to inform climate-smart conservation
  • Harnessing NASA Satellite Remote Sensing in Support of Large-Scale Conservation Management on BLM Lands
  • Using earth observations and ecosystem modeling to improve the sustainability of agribusiness and extractive industries in working landscapes
  • Managing Forests for Sustainable Harvest and Wildlife Habitat Using Earth Observations and Modeling of Forest Structure and Landscape Connectivity
  • Bringing Wildlife Management into Focus: Integrating Camera Traps, Remote Sensing and Citizen Science to Improve Population Modeling
  • A system to forecast the demographic and genetic viability of salmonid fish across broad regions under changing climates
  • Bayesian data-model synthesis for biological conservation and management in Antarctica
  • Forecasting Coastal Habitat Distributions through Fusion of Earth Observations, Process Models and Citizen Science: A Climate Change Adaptation Tool for the NOAA National Estuarine Research Reserve Sy
  • EcoCatch: Improving Ecological and Economic Sustainability of Marine Fisheries Using Remotely-Sensed Oceanographic Data
  • Projecting Effects of Climate Change on Pacific Rim Rivers and Salmon: Integrating Remote Sensing, Landscape Genomics, and Demography to Inform Conservation
  • Snow, Montane Wildflowers, and Citizen Scientists
  • Adaptive Ecosystem Climatology (AEC)
  • Avian Abundance Estimation Across the Pacific Flyway for Full Life-cycle Conservation Planning
  • Merging Satellite and Numerical Model Data in the California Current to Create Continuous Imagery and Forecasts of Harmful Algal Blooms
  • System for Mapping And Predicting Species Of Concern (SMAP-SOC)
  • Monitoring and Forecasting Chimpanzee Habitat Health in Africa to Inform Conservation Actions, Strategies and Measure Success
  • Effects of extreme climate events on avian demographics: the role of refugia in mitigating climate change
  • Using the USGS "Resource for Advanced Modeling" to connect climate drivers to biological responses
  • Forecasting climate change and its effect on the abundance and distribution of cetaceans using downscaled output of IPCC class earth system models
  • Discovering relationships between climate and animal migration with new tools for linking animal movement tracks with weather and land surface data
  • Management and conservation of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) and other highly migratory fish in the Gulf of Mexico under IPCC climate change scenarios: A study using regional climate and hab
  • Using NASA resources to inform climate and land use adaptation: Ecological forecasting, vulnerability assessment, and evaluation of management options across two USDI Landscape Conservation Cooperativ
  • WhaleWatch: A tool using satellite telemetry and remote sensing environmental data to provide near real-time predictions of whale occurrence in the California Current System to reduce anthropogenic im
  • Extending the Terrestrial Observation and Prediction System (TOPS) to NPP Applications
  • Ecosystems in Transition: Decision Support Tools to Measure, Monitor and Forecast Climate Impacts on Migratory Species
  • A Decision Support System for Ecosystem-Based Management of Tropical Coral Reef Environments
  • A decision support system for monitoring, reporting and forecasting the ecological conditions of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail
  • Utilizing ecosystem information to improve the decision support system for central California salmon
  • Applying NASA HyspIRI Observations to Precision Vegetation Mapping for Ecological Forecasting Applications
  • Predicting current and future outbreaks of insect and disease attacks on native tree species in the Pacific Northwest with a physiologically-based model
  • Improved Prediction of Africanized Honey Bee Distribution and Migration in the US and Honey Bee Climate Responses Using Satellite derived Land Cover Type and Phenological Data
  • SERVIR Africa
  • Pelagic Habitat Analysis Module (PHAM): Enhanced Decision Support for Pelagic Fisheries and Marine Sanctuaries
  • Development of RRSC Models for Use within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Strategic Habitat Conservation Framework
  • Improving Stream Temperature Predictions for River Water Decision Support Systems
  • Improving The NOAA NMFS and ICCAT Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fisheries Management Decision Support System
  • Integrating Ocean Observing Data to Enhance Protected Species Spatial Decision Support Systems
  • Utilizing remote sensing, modeling and data assimilation to sustain and protect fisheries: ecological
  • Integration of a Large-Area Invasives Spread Network (LISN) with Climate Models for Decision Support
  • Ecological condition of US National Parks: Enabling decision support through monitoring, analysis, and forecasting
  • Explicit Biological Control Agent Modeling of Invasive Species Using NASA Remote Sensing and Micro Climate Models
  • Large Area Invasive Spread Network
  • Protected Areas Watch in the Albertine
  • NASA/NPS fire ecology and invasive species
  • Projecting the spread of aquatic invasive species using remote sensing , genetics and climate modeling

This GEO Initiative seeks to understand and enhance the use of Earth observations for the development of Ecosystem Accounts. It will provide governments with tools to inform management and policy options for activities that will impact a country’s natural capital. EO4EA will assess how Earth observations can measure ecosystem extent and condition.
  • Piloting the Use of Earth Observation Data in Support of National and Subnational Ecosystem Accounts in the United States
  • Utilizing Earth Observation Data and Products to Map Ecosystem Extent and Further the Development of a Condition Account to Support the Conservation Province of West Papua, Indonesia
  • Piloting the Use of Earth Observation Data in Support of National and Subnational Ecosystem Accounts in the United States

    The proposed research will support the GEO Work Programme initiative “Earth Observation for Ecosystem Accounting” (EO4EA) Work Stream 4 for the United States. We seek funding for a postdoctoral researcher who will support a U.S. natural capital...
This GEO Flagship is developing a global biodiversity observation network for effective management policies for the world’s biodiversity and tracking changes in ecosystem services. GEO Bon facilitates national, regional and thematic networks for the acquisition, coordination, and delivery of biodiversity observations and ecosystem services.
  • Utilizing earth observation data and products to map ecosystem extent and further the development of a condition account to support the conservation province of West Papua
  • Integration of Earth Observations for Decision Making on Biodiversity Management and Conservation in Colombia: Consolidation of the Colombian Biodiversity Observation Network
  • Activities to Advance, Build, and Deliver Remote-sensing Supported Species Distribution and Species Abundance EBVs
  • Improving Linkages Between Earth Observations and Ecosystem Service Models with Essential Biodiversity Variables
  • Expanding Wallace Biodiversity Modeling Software to Support National Biodiversity Change Indicator Calculations for GEO BON Assessment and Reporting
  • Ecosystem Functional Diversity of the Circumpolar Arctic
  • Dynamic Seascapes to Support a Biogeographic Framework for a Global Marine Biodiversity Observing Network
  • Quantifying Forest Vertical Structure Using Spaceborne Lidar: A GEOBON Essential Biodiversity Variable Application in Colombia
  • Utilizing earth observation data and products to map ecosystem extent and further the development of a condition account to support the conservation province of West Papua

Some people find working with satellite and environmental data a big morass of intractability. PHAM gives them the ability to take these satellite products and use them in their statistical analysis.
Michael Hinton
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
We are using data provided by [the project team] to better determine how waterfowl populations in the North American prairies will respond to system change.
Kathy Fleming
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
The California Current Integrated Ecosystem Assessment is excited about the results of the NASA project.
Brian Wells
The project directly addresses some of the highest priority Council stock assessment and management needs, and could greatly assist the fishing industry in long-term planning.
Donald McIsaac
Pacific Fishery Management Council
We needed the NASA data to make this happen and are very thankful to have this quality input. This model shows finer-scale temperature fluctuations that were not possible to model before.
Eric Danner
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
NASA data has been critical to monitoring the environment. … It’s a core metric for how we are doing our work.
John Musinsky
Conservation International (formerly)
Remote sensing data has become a core part of the planning and evaluation process for organizations like ours…
John Musinsky
Conservation International (formerly)
Satellite-derived data provides an overview of ocean conditions that are not available from traditional shipboard measurements.
John Lamkin
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
This capability greatly expands our understanding of larval Bluefin ecology, and has allowed us to target specific areas resulting in the development of an improved larval index.
John Lamkin
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
The new data products provide observations closer to the scale of coral reefs. Managers want to know as much as we can tell them to help their management of reef resources.
Mark Eakin
Coral Reef Watch
We see this project as part of an ongoing effort to improve spatial density estimations, and NASA’s Earth observations will play an important role in it.
James Michael Price
U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
NASA data has been critical to monitoring the environment. … It’s a core metric for how we are doing our work.
John Musinsky
Conservation International (formerly)

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Ecological Forecasting Program Team