Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.


Principal Investigator

Jamon Van Den Hoek

Proposed action: We propose a three year program of applied research to develop open, global-scale geospatial data to locate, characterize, and assess Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators at informal settlements belonging to refugees, internally displaced populations, and forcibly displaced and resettled people: the “missing millions.”...
Principal Investigator

Meredith Franklin

Numerous epidemiological studies have convincingly demonstrated that exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) poses a major risk to human health. Southwest Asia, Djibouti and Afghanistan (SADA) are particularly impacted by poor air quality due to several unique phenomenon that result in increased PM concentrations including...
Principal Investigator

John Beck

Researchers at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) propose to improve malaria control decision making in sub-Saharan Africa by developing and deploying a technology for...

Principal Investigator

Yang Liu

Satellite remote sensing of atmospheric composition is becoming an increasingly important source of information in air quality management and public health surveillance. Current instruments such as MODIS, MISR, OMI, and VIIRS have provided valuable enhancements to numerous decision support activities at the local to global...
Principal Investigator

Daniel Tong

Climate models have consistently projected a drying trend in the southwestern United States, aiding speculation of increasing dust storms in this region. Newly reconstructed long-term dust climatology reveals direct evidence of rapid intensification of dust storm activity over American deserts in the past decades, in...
Principal Investigator

Matthew Alvarado

Using remote sensing and Earth system models to improve air quality and public health in megacities

The primary goal of this project is to use NASA retrievals of boundary-layer concentrations of ammonia (NH3) from the Crosstrack Infrared Spectrometer (CrIS) aboard the Suomi National...

Principal Investigator

Susan Anenberg

Using remote sensing and Earth system models to improve air quality and public health in megacities. 

Background: Ambient air pollution in cities is of growing concern as urbanization and economic development continue, yet many cities lack information on exposure levels and local health impacts, both...

Principal Investigator

Virginia Kalb

Recent studies have demonstrated the utility of nighttime environmental products derived from the Suomi-NPP Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite’s (VIIRS) Day/Night Band (DNB) to develop metrics and indicators that can help decision makers implement positive and sustainable actions to build smarter and more resilient cities...
Principal Investigator

Jason Otkin

This proposal addresses the needs of the Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium (LADCO), which conducts State Implementation Plan (SIP) air quality assessment modeling for its member states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. SIP modeling is required under the Clean Air Act to demonstrate strategies...

Principal Investigator

Natasha Sadoff

This proposal leverages findings from a 2016 joint Battelle and NASA Energy Management Stakeholder Ideation Workshop, as well as a relationship with the Department of Energy's Partnership for Energy Sector Climate Resilience, to strengthen connections between the Earth science community and electric utility data end...