Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.

 

Principal Investigator

Virginia Kalb

 

Sixteen years after Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Ida made landfall in the southern US on August 29, 2021. More than 1 million people lost power. NASA's Black Marble HD helped evaluate the impact of Hurricane Ida on electric grids within the neighborhoods of New Orleans...

Principal Investigator

Charlie Devine (Project Co-lead)

Capacity Building Type
DEVELOP
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Turbidity derived from a January 28, 2019, Landsat 8 OLI image. The coastal region of Belize, including the Belize Barrier Reef, is displayed. Pink areas highlight high levels of turbidity. Very turbid waters may have consequences on the health of coral reefs, which require clear water in order to photosynthesize efficiently. These data may increase partners' understanding of spatiotemporal patterns of coastal water quality and will improve their capacity for allocating resources for coral reef monitoring and restoration.

The Belize Barrier Reef is a biodiverse marine ecosystem and the largest coral reef system in the western hemisphere. The reef also provides ecosystem services in the form of fisheries and tourism and is estimated to be responsible for 12...

Principal Investigator

Vanessa Valenti

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NDVI, MNDWI, and DSWE calculated using Landsat 8 OLI imagery (May-September 2019), blended with red, green, and blue color bands, respectively. The northern shore of Lake Superior is displayed, including Minnesota and Ontario. Areas of blue correspond to standing water, while dark purple areas correspond to dry uplands. Light purple areas represent likely wetland extent, where decision-makers can target conservation and monitoring efforts.  Keywords: Landsat 8 OLI, Lake Superior, DSWE, NDVI, MNDWI, Minnesota, Ontario, wetlands, wetland extent

The Great Lakes Basin is one of the world’s largest freshwater ecosystems. The Basin harbors over 200,000 acres of wetlands that provide a variety of environmental, ecological, and recreational functions to over 30 million people in the region. Some of...

Principal Investigator

Krishna Sharma (Project Co-Lead)

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A Long-Term Remote Sensing Analysis to Evaluate Changes in Water Quality of Great Bear Lake

The Sahtu Dene people of Délįnę have a strong traditional tie to Great Bear Lake (GBL), which they refer to as “The Water Heart.” The indigenous community is concerned with how changes in the lake may affect their livelihoods and fisheries. Arctic lakes like the...

Principal Investigator

Neda Kasraee

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A Multi-Sensor Approach to Determine the Impacts of Human Activity and Natural Surface Deformation on the Black Rock Playa, Nevada

Since the early 2000s, wind-deposited sediment mounds have been growing and encroaching onto the Black Rock Playa of the Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area. These sedimentary structures along the edge of the playa potentially increase dust emissions and alter the...

Principal Investigator

Abhishek Kumar

 
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A Multi-Sensor Approach to Enhance the Prediction of Mangrove Biophysical Characteristics in Chilika Lagoon and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, India

Mangroves, one of the most productive ecosystems on Earth, play a major role in coastal ecosystem processes, from mitigating erosion to acting as a barrier against tidal and storm surges associated with tropical cyclones. India has about 5 % of the world's mangrove vegetation...

Principal Investigator

Abhishek Kumar

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A Multi-Sensor Approach to Enhance the Prediction of Mangrove Biophysical Characteristics in Chilika Lagoon and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, India

Across the globe, mangroves play a major role in coastal ecosystem processes mitigating erosion and serving as barriers against storm surges. India holds approximately 5% of the world's mangroves, over half of which are along its east coast. Situated in the state of Odisha, Chilika...

Principal Investigator

Liping Di

Timely and accurate information on weekly crop progress and development is essential to a dynamic agricultural industry in the U. S. and the world. By law, the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) of the U. S. Department of Agriculture?s (USDA) is responsible for monitoring and...

Principal Investigator

Margaret Mulhern

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A Perspective on Nighttime Sky Glow over the Colorado Plateau by Integrating the Suomi-NPP VIIRS Day Night Band Sensor with a Customized Geolocation Data Processing Program

The rapid expansion of human population in conjunction with industrialization has resulted in increased artificial light pollution, also known as sky glow. Anthropogenic light pollution hinders the reproductive, migratory, and predatory habits of wildlife relying on the predictable diurnal cycle. Artificial light pollution not only...

Principal Investigator

Jason Otkin

This proposal addresses the needs of the Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium (LADCO), which conducts State Implementation Plan (SIP) air quality assessment modeling for its member states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. SIP modeling is required under the Clean Air Act to demonstrate strategies...