Identifying drought-prone areas and developing an early warning system for crop damage. Protecting biologically diverse areas of the National Park System with a trail monitoring tool. Confirming flooded areas to better inform decision-makers during a disaster.

Each program area supports a variety of projects that utilize Earth observations to identify challenges around the world and create innovative solutions. Our portfolio demonstrates the benefits of using NASA Earth observations to enhance decision-making and improve life on Earth.

Sort by program area to find specific projects or explore them all below.

 

Principal Investigator

Louis Giglio

For the past two decades, the primary source of global fire observations has been NASA’s Terra and Aqua polar-orbiting satellites, which carry the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), followed by the NASA-NOAA Suomi-National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), but these systems...

Principal Investigator

Charon Birkett

Description: This project provides a range of surface water products related to lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands in a near real time framework. It also offers a longer-term set of observations via integration of historical data sets. Products include water level, water extent, hypsometry and bathymetry...

Principal Investigator

Julia Gohlke

The premise of the proposed project is that health hazard mitigation planning and public health disaster response can be improved by including environmental exposure characterization, through the application of Earth Observations (EO) and synthetic population modeling. Current health hazard mitigation planning at the federal and...

Principal Investigator

Benjamin F Zaitchik

Cholera, a waterborne disease transmitted by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, infects millions around the world every year, with the greatest burden in Africa. In 2014, Africa accounted for 55% of global suspected cholera cases reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Health Observatory. In...
Principal Investigator

Arastoo Pour Biazar

The proposed activity here addresses the Health and Air Quality Application Area. The project anticipates improving the accuracy of the Decision Support Tools (DSTs) used by health and air quality managers to meet the health effect standards set by the Clean Air Act (CAA). The...

Principal Investigator

John Malone

Visceral leishmaniasis (Lutzomyia longipalpis) and Aedes aegypti borne arboviruses (dengue, zika, chikungunya) have potential for epizootic spread from Latin America and the Caribbean and establishment in North America. This project aims to develop and implement a geospatial surveillance and response system data resource for vector-borne...

Principal Investigator

Julie Padowski

Project Description: Fire disturbances in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) are projected to increase under a changing climate and are a major cause of increased erosion, runoff, suspended sediment, nutrient release, and debris flows in forested watersheds. Fire-related threats to water quality and quantity are of...

Principal Investigator

Wade T Crow

Description: This project seeks to provide high-resolution (i.e., daily, 30-m) soil moisture information to guide in-season irrigation decision support for vineyards equipped with variable-rate drip irrigation (VRDI) systems in the Central Valley of California. The primary water resource decision for these systems to when to...

Principal Investigator

Robert Chen

In a world of more frequent weather extremes, evolving climate conditions, large-scale geophysical hazards, devastating conflict and population displacement, and other challenges to sustainable development, knowing where people live and work, and the status and condition of their buildings and other infrastructure, has become increasingly...

Principal Investigator

Joaquim Goes

Over the past 15 years the Arabian Sea ecosystem has witnessed a radical shift in the composition of winter phytoplankton blooms due to the warming of the Eurasian continent and the spread of hypoxia. Recurrent and trophically important, winter diatom blooms until 1990s, have since...